Kyoto Japanese Garden wallpapers
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Japanese Gardens, Landscape Gardening in Japan :
Japanese gardens, that is, gardens in traditional Japanese style, can be found at private homes, in neighborhood or city parks, and at historical landmarks such as Buddhist temples and old castles.
Some of the Japanese gardens most famous in the West, and within Japan as well, are dry gardens or rock gardens, karesansui. The tradition of the Tea masters has produced highly refined Japanese gardens of quite another style, evoking rural simplicity. In Japanese culture, garden-making is a high art, intimately related to the linked arts of calligraphy and ink painting.
Japanese gardens were developed under the influences of the distinctive and stylized Chinese gardens.
Typical features of Japanese gardens :
A catalogue of features "typical" of the Japanese garden may be drawn up without inquiring deeply into the aesthetic underlying Japanese practice. Typical Japanese gardens have at their center a home from which the garden is viewed. In addition to residential architecture, Japanese gardens often contain several of these elements:
- Water, real or symbolic.
- A lantern, typically of stone.
- A teahouse or pavilion.
- An enclosure device such as a hedge, fence, or wall of traditional character.
- A bridge to the island, or stepping stones.
Japanese gardens might fall into one of these styles:
- Strolling gardens, for viewing from a path
- Sitting gardens, for contemplating from one place
Many Zen temples feature a garden in the karesansui (dry landscape) style. These have no water, but typically evoke a feeling of water using pebbles. Rocks chosen for their intriguing shapes and patterns, mosses and low shrubs typify the karesansui style. The garden at Ryoan-ji, a temple in Kyoto, is particularly renowned.